Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

In 1943, psychologist Abraham Maslow wrote a paper, “A Theory of Human Motivation,” which explained how drive and motivation are correlated to the understanding of human needs and behavior. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a motivational theory that proposes that while people aim to meet their basic needs, they aspire to attain higher order needs in the form of a pyramid. This idea is shown in his presentation below:

Maslows Hierarchy of needs displayed as a pyramid. From the base physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization at the top

J. Finkelstein [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Research Maslow’s Theory and address the following:

  1. In brief, describe the theory and how it has increased our understanding of personal and organizational needs and satisfaction. What are the criticisms of the theory?
  2. Examine the pyramid and reflect on your current situation. Are your motivations dictated by your current needs? Explain.

The Portfolio Activity entry should be a minimum of 400 words and not more than 750 words. Use APA citations and references if you use ideas from the readings or other sources.