Valuing an airline for acquisition
March 2021 | MGMT 332 | College of Business | worldwide.erau.edu
All rights are reservedThe material contained herein is the copyright property of Embry-Riddle
Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Florida, 32114No part of this material may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of the University.
Corporate Finance I
Module 5: Stock Valuation
Problem Set 5 – Valuing an airline for acquisition
Argo Airlines, a privately held firm, is looking to buy additional gates at its home airport for
$350,000. Argo has money in the bank but that money may not be spent as it is used to
pay salaries, suppliers, and equipment. Argo asked its bank for a loan but the bank refused
saying that Argo’s interest-bearing debt to equity was too high. The bank said that
Argo needed to lower that ratio below 0.5 in order to get the loan. Separately, SkyBlue
Airlines has approached Argo to see if Argo will buy it.
Argo’s CFO hired you to help with the following tasks:
1. Calculate Argo’s cost of capital based on two airlines trading in the capital marketsEastern and Western. Since Argo does not trade, it has no beta, so you need to use
Eastern and Western as proxies. Hint – the textbook has the formula in two separate
2. Aside from the purchase price, the gates will require a working capital infusion of
$95,000 at purchase. Argo estimates the gates will generate cash flows of $44,000/year
for the next 10 years. After that, the gates will revert back to the airport operator. The
working capital is recovered at the end. Calculate the NPV and IRR of the gates.
3. You were given SkyBlue’s 2020 income statement (IS) and balance sheet (BS), along
with forecasts of the revenue growth and tax rates You must forecast the IS and BS for
the next 3 years.
4. The price discussed by the two CEOs is 24.5x SkyBlue’s 2020 net earnings You must
calculate this price and compare it with the free cash flow value of SkyBlue, which
you must also calculate. The CFO wants to know if Argo is overpaying or
underpaying for SkyBlue.
5. Argo’s forecast balance sheet has been included in the Excel file, so you need do nothing
to it. However, the CFO has asked you to consolidate the two balance sheets – the
Argo one given to you and the SkyBlue one that you calculated. Once these two
are consolidated, you are asked to calculate three debt ratios, as listed in the file.
6. Finally, the CFO wants to know if the consolidated balance sheet’s Debt/Equity
ratio is below 0.5. If so, it will allow Argo to buy the gates. Is Argo’s ratio low
enough that it can borrow to buy the gates?